Cartoons could help spot autism 卡通有助发现自闭症

时间:2010-10-20 14:21 来源:bunsen的日志 作者: 点击:


Watching how a toddler responds to animations could help diagnose autism, research has suggested.


Babies usually start paying attention to movement soon after birth, and pick up information from the cues they see but children with autism often do not.


A study, published in Nature, where two-year-olds were shown manipulated animations found those with autism focussed on movement linked to sound.


In the Yale study, researchers created five versions of animated children’s games, each with sound. On the other half of the screen, the same animation was presented upside down and in reverse, but with the same audio as the upright version.


Previous studies have shown that, normally, children’s attention is drawn to such changes from around eight months old.


Twenty-one toddlers with autistic-spectrum disorders (ASD), 39 who were developing normally and 16 who had developmental problems but did not have autism were studied.


Both the toddlers who were developing normally and those with developmental problems showed a clear preference for looking at the upright animations. However the toddlers with ASD showed no preference and looked backwards and forwards between the two halves of the screen.



spot:动词,找到丶发现。例句:If you spot any mistakes in the article just mark them with a pencil.(如果你在文章里发现错误,就用铅笔画出来。)


backwards and forwards :片语,来回地。例句:Paul paced anxiously backwards and forwards.(保罗紧张地来回踱步。)